The field of surgery has experienced a revolution in the present era with a dramatic shift from the traditional open surgery to minimally invasive surgery (MIS). This has been associated to numerous advantages over open surgery, mainly for patients.
The introduction of laparoscopy in surgical practice is one of the greatest success stories in the history of medicine. This historical overview shows that laparoscopy has developed at an incredible pace in the last two decades.
Compared to traditional open surgery, laparoscopy only needs up to 3 small incisions in the abdomen of the patient to do the procedure. Conventional laparoscopic tools involve the use of but not limited to a laparoscope, slide lock graspers, axial needle holders, forceps, scissors, probes, dissectors, hooks, and retractors.
Indications of laparoscopic surgery
At present all gastro intestinal, pancreatic, liver and colorectal surgery for cancer and other diseases can be done by laparoscopic technique.